They get their name from their spectacular dorsal fin that stretches nearly the length of their body and is much higher than their bodies are thick. They are members of the billfish family, and as such, have an upper jaw that juts out well beyond their lower jaw and forms a distinctive spear. Guatemala is one of the few countries that regulate this sport using circle hooks which does not damage the fish and decreases the mortality rate of sailfish.
The mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) is a surface-dwelling ray-finned fish that forms school in off-shore temperate, tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. It is also known as the dorado, common dolphinfish or just dolphin, a name that causes come confusion, as this fish is not related to the marine mammal dolphin. . Mahi-Mahi live up to 7 years and are among the world’s fastest growing fish, reaching up to 15 kg.
The wahoo’s body is covered with small scales and is steel blue above and pale blue below. It has a series of 25 to 30 irregular blackish-blue vertical bars on the sides. The fish has a large mouth with strong, triangular, compressed and finely serrate teeth. Its snout is about as long as the rest of the head. The maximum reported size for wahoo is an IGFA World Record: 184 pounds (83.46 kg). Wahoo commonly attain sizes between 40 and 65 inches (101-165 cm) in length, with maximum size reaching 98 inches (249 cm).
Cero differ from the king mackerel and Spanish mackerel in having a pattern of both yellow spots, yellow orange streaks, and a dark color line running the length of the body, and a lateral line that gradually curves down toward the caudal peduncle. Cero reportedly attain a weight in excess of 22 lb (10 kg), but most caught are much smaller. They are considered to be excellent table fare.
The strikingly beautiful blue marlin is the largest of the Atlantic marlins and one of the biggest fish in the world. Females, which are significantly larger than males, can reach 14 feet (4.3 meters) in length and weigh more than 1,985 pounds (900 kilograms). Average sizes tend to be in the range of 11 feet (3.4 meters) and 200 to 400 pounds (91 to 181 kilograms).
Yellowfin tuna are torpedo-shaped with dark metallic blue backs, yellow sides, and a silver belly. They have very long anal and dorsal fins and finlets that are bright yellow. Yellowfin can live up to six or seven years. They are highly migratory and are found throughout the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
The king mackerel is a migratory species of mackerel of the western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. It is an important species to both the commercial and recreational fishing industries.
The king mackerel is a medium-sized fish, typically encountered from five to 14 kg (30 lb), but is known to exceed 40 kg (90 lb). The entire body is covered with very small, hardly visible, loosely attached scales.
The roosterfish is as popular for its fighting ability as it is photogenic. The trademark comb-like dorsal fin is it’s most unique trait, while the two dark blue bands along its sides add to its style points. Most roosterfish are in the 20-40 lb range, but roosterfish over 50 lbs are very common and are caught every month.